Thinking Caps On: How Well Do You Know Your Brain and Memory?

natural supplements for memory improve memory naturally

Tablet of Content

Here are some interesting facts for you –

  • While making up merely 2% of an individual's total body weight, the brain utilises roughly 20% of the body's energy and oxygen resources. This immense energy expenditure underscores the brain's significance. In terms of storage capacity, researchers frequently approximate it to be around 2.5 petabytes, which equates to a staggering one million gigabytes of data!
  • Short-term memory typically lasts for about 15-30 seconds, which is why you might forget a person's name moments after they introduce themselves
  • The brain itself doesn't have pain receptors, which means it can't feel pain. That's why brain surgery can be performed on a conscious patient under local anaesthesia.

How Does Our Brain and Memory Work?

Let’s take a look at the various parts and functions of the brain. Delving into these details can quickly turn technical, so, let's simplify matters by likening the brain to a city.

In this analogy, we can navigate the brain like we navigate a bustling city, complete with intricate streets, avenues, and meandering routes to explore. While doing so, we’ll also touch upon the important parts of nutrition that every brain would benefit from like supplements for concentration and memory and more.

City and Roads (Brain and Memory)

Much like the roads guide you to various corners of a city, your brain's intricate neural pathways lead you to different memories – be it the taste of your grandmother's famous cookies or the instructions for assembling that tricky piece of furniture.

City Planners (Brain Cells - Neurons)

Every city needs a city planner and construction workers who plan and build the city. In your brain, both these roles are filled by the brain cells, also known as the neurons. The brain cells collaborate with each other to shape the cognitive infrastructure of your brain city.

The neurons are essentially the architects of your brain as they carefully design and maintain the neural pathways that ease the flow of information and memories. City planners ensure that the roads are well-constructed and connected. In the same way, neurons use synapses which are junctions where they communicate to ensure efficient transmission of signals.

Road Network (Neural Pathways)

These neural pathways, akin to intricate city streets, are formed by the connections between neurons. Think of them as communication routes that allow different parts of your brain to talk to each other. Similar to roads connecting different neighbourhoods, these pathways link various brain regions. This enables the seamless exchange of information and contributes to memory formation and retrieval.

Memory Landmarks (Memory Formation)

Envision memories as cherished landmarks nestled within your brain city. When you learn something new or experience a momentous event, your brain constructs a unique memory using multiple neurons. It's like erecting a distinctive monument in the cityscape. These memory landmarks play a vital role in shaping your identity and guiding your actions.

Imagine memory retrieval as embarking on a familiar journey through the city streets, following a mental map to find a specific destination. When you seek to remember something, your brain cells work together and send electrical signals along the neural pathways associated with that memory. It's like tracing a well-trodden path to reach a known spot.

Interconnected Routes (Associative Memories)

Much like roads intersect and form complex networks within a city, neural pathways connect memories in your brain. When you try to recall a memory, it's as if you're navigating through a web of streets that lead to other related memories. These associative connections enable your brain to seamlessly move from one thought to another, creating a rich tapestry of interconnected experiences.

Strengthened Connections (Memory Reinforcement)

Consider the concept of memory reinforcement as the process of gradually paving a road until it becomes a sturdy structure that can handle a lot of travel. Similarly, when you frequently revisit a memory or engage in repetitive learning, your brain cells strengthen the synaptic connections between neurons. This process, known as long-term potentiation, enhances the reliability and accessibility of memories, making them more readily available for recall.

Emotionally Charged Landmarks (Emotional Memory)

Emotionally charged memories can be compared to landmarks that stand out in the cityscape due to their profound impact. Just as remarkable events leave an indelible mark on a city, emotions activate specific brain regions like the amygdala. This heightened emotional involvement strengthens the memory's connections, etching it deeper into your brain city.

Expanding City Limits (Neuroplasticity)

The human brain possesses an incredible capacity for growth and transformation, like a city that expands its boundaries to accommodate new neighbourhoods. Through the phenomenon of neuroplasticity, your brain adapts and reshapes its neural pathways in response to new experiences and learning. It’s like constructing new roads and districts within your expanding brain city as you acquire fresh knowledge or skills.

To help with neuroplasticity, let’s learn about nootropic nutrients and how they offer memory support and more mind benefits.

how brain works memory functions

Nootropic Nutrients as Urban Boosters

Nootropic nutrients are natural compounds or dietary supplements that support cognitive functions. These functions include memory, focus, creativity, and mental clarity. Experts believe that they help improve mental clarity and focus and also help make thinking smoother and more effective.

Let’s simplify that to fit our analogy – Think of nootropic nutrients as innovative technologies that enhance the efficiency of your brain city’s infrastructure. Just as a city might introduce innovative technologies to improve the facilities within a city – such as transportation or communication – nootropic nutrients can be considered valuable tools that fine-tune the neural pathways (roads) and connections within your brain.

Here are the myriad ways that nootropic nutrients can optimise our brain cities.

Road Maintenance (Neural Health)

Like a skilled maintenance crew, these nutrients support the health of your neural pathways or synapses.

Nootropic nutrients can contribute to the repair and maintenance of synapses, ensuring smooth information flow and effective memory recall. Just as well-maintained roads make for better travel, nourished neural connections promote efficient cognitive functioning.

Traffic Optimization (Neurotransmitter Balance)

Neurotransmitters are like the traffic signals of your brain city. Balancing neurotransmitter activity can lead to improved focus, mood, and memory. Similar to optimising traffic flow, balanced neurotransmitters can enhance your brain's ability to process and retain information.

New Pathway Construction (Neuroplasticity)

Some nootropic nutrients are thought to support neuroplasticity – the brain's ability to create new pathways. Just as a city expands by constructing new roads, these nutrients can potentially encourage the formation of new neural connections, facilitating learning and adaptability.

Signal Enhancement (Neural Transmission)

Neural transmission are the communication signals between brain cells.

Just as a city might upgrade communication networks, nootropic nutrients might aid in boosting the efficiency of signalling between neurons, resulting in improved cognitive functions.

Emotional Landmark Reinforcement (Memory Enhancement)

Some nootropic nutrients play a role in reinforcing emotionally charged memories; similar to maintaining and preserving historical landmarks in a city. By influencing the strength of connections between neurons involved in emotional memory, these nutrients may enhance the recall of impactful experiences.

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Common Nootropic Nutrients and where to find them

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

These healthy fats are found in fish tissue like that of salmon, mackerel, and sardines. They're also present in flaxseeds, chia seeds, and walnuts.

B Vitamins

Foods like whole grains, eggs, meat (such as poultry and red meat), dairy products, and leafy greens are good sources of B vitamins.


Eggs, liver, fish, and nuts, especially almonds, are known to contain choline.


L-theanine is an amino acid that is commonly found in tea leaves, particularly green tea.


Coffee, tea, and dark chocolate are well-known sources of caffeine.

Ginkgo Biloba

Derived from the ginkgo tree, ginkgo biloba supplement are available, but it's advisable to consult a healthcare professional before using them.


This phospholipid is found in soybeans, white beans, and beef liver.

Rhodiola Rosea

Rhodiola Rosea is a flowering plant used in herbal supplements, but again, consulting a healthcare professional is recommended.

Gold Health’s Top Pick Nootropic Nutrients

memory supplements Choline Bitartrate

Choline Bitartrate as Urban Architects:

In the grand metropolis of your cognitive city, Choline Bitartrate emerges as the masterful urban architect, tirelessly working to design and construct new roads that lead to improved memory and cognitive function.[1]

Choline is a water-soluble nutrient and a precursor to acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter essential for memory formation and learning processes. Studies have indicated that higher dietary choline intake is associated with enhanced cognitive performance and memory recall.[2]

Much like architects laying the groundwork for new structures, Choline Bitartrate supports the foundation for effective neural communication, ensuring the smooth flow of information within the cognitive landscape.[3]

memory supplements L-Theanine

L-Theanine as a Tranquil Urban Oasis:

L-Theanine, commonly found in tea leaves, has a calming influence on brain activity by modulating neurotransmitters such as dopamine and serotonin. This tranquil effect contributes to improved attention, mental clarity, and relaxation. [4]

Just as a tranquil park provides respite from the urban hustle, L-Theanine offers a calming escape within your cognitive realm, promoting an environment conducive to focused thinking and optimal cognitive performance.[5,6]

Gotu Kola Memory supplements

Gotu Kola as Neuroplasticity Developers:

Picture Gotu Kola as visionary neuroplasticity developers, shaping new cognitive pathways with remarkable precision. [13] Scientific studies suggest that Gotu Kola extracts may influence neurogenesis – the formation of new neurons – and enhance synaptic plasticity. [14,15]

This contributes to the expansion of your cognitive city by forging innovative connections and pathways, akin to creating new districts in a bustling urban landscape. Just as city planners create thriving neighbourhoods, Gotu Kola nurtures cognitive adaptability and the potential for lifelong learning.

Memory supplements Rhodiola Rosea

Rhodiola Rosea as Stress-Resistant Engineers:

In the vibrant cognitive city, Rhodiola Rosea stands as the ingenious stress-resistant engineers, crafting cognitive resilience amidst life's challenges. [10] Scientific research indicates that Rhodiola Rosea's adaptogenic properties may modulate stress-related neurotransmitters and hormonal responses, promoting emotional balance and mental clarity. [11,12]

Just as resilient engineering designs withstand external pressures, Rhodiola Rosea helps your cognitive infrastructure withstand the strains of stress, ensuring your mental city remains stable and functional even in demanding circumstances.

Bacopa Monnieri supplements for Memory

Bacopa Monnieri as Memory Sculptors:

Bacopa Monnieri, or Brahmi as it’s sometimes called, takes on the role of a memory sculptor. [7] Scientific research indicates that Bacopa Monnieri enhances synaptic communication and protects neurons, exhibiting promising effects on memory enhancement. [8,9]

Much like skilled artisans shaping sculptures, Bacopa Monnieri contributes to crafting enduring cognitive landmarks, ensuring the preservation of valuable memories within your mental cityscape.

Vitamin B12 for Memory supplements

Vitamin B12 as Energy Provider:

Vitamin B12 emerges as the vital energy provider in the cognitive metropolis, fuelling brain processes with metabolic vigour [16]. Scientific literature underscores Vitamin B12's pivotal role in energy production and neurological function [17][18]. Much like power stations energising a city, Vitamin B12 assists in converting nutrients into cellular energy, sustaining cognitive vitality and supporting memory recall.

Memory supplements Folic Acid

Folic Acid as Blueprint Designers:

Enter the meticulous realm of blueprint designers, where Folic Acid plays a pivotal role in shaping the cognitive infrastructure [19]. Scientific investigations indicate that Folic Acid influences cognitive health through its impact on neural cell development and repair [20][21]. This nutrient's role in crafting genetic blueprints parallels its contribution to creating robust neural connections, ensuring the growth and maintenance of a resilient cognitive city.

Memory Vitamin E supplements

Vitamin E as Antioxidant Guardians:

Within the cognitive city's vibrant skyline, Vitamin E stands as the steadfast antioxidant guardians, shielding brain cells from oxidative stress and potential damage[25]. Scientific research highlights Vitamin E's potent antioxidant properties, which combat harmful free radicals and promote neuronal health[26][27]. Much like vigilant security personnel protecting a city from threats, Vitamin E safeguards your cognitive environment, ensuring the longevity and resilience of your brain's infrastructure.

By harnessing the benefits of nootropic nutrients, wellbeing supplements for the mind, we can improve our quality of life and thrive! For top-notch supplements and overall well-being, browse Gold Health today – your companion on the path to a balanced life.

Huperzine A as Memory Librarians:

In the bustling cognitive city's expansive repository of memories, Huperzine A assumes the role of dedicated memory librarians [22]. Scientific studies suggest that Huperzine A's inhibition of acetylcholinesterase contributes to increased acetylcholine levels, potentially enhancing memory retention and cognitive performance [23][24]. Just as diligent librarians safeguard knowledge for future generations, Huperzine A safeguards your cognitive landscape by maintaining optimal neurotransmitter levels, allowing memories to be readily accessible and vivid.

Gold Health Memory Support XP

$61.64 $48.00

• Advanced Complex of Nootropic Nutrients

• Carefully formulated to support brain function, mental clarity and focus.

• All selected ingredients indicated for healthy brain function based on research.

• Choline supports healthy nerve cells.

• L-Theanine supports calmness and mental focus.

• Bacopa monieri, an Indian herb, supports mental clarity & brain function.

• Rhodiola Rosea supports feelings of well-being and mental focus.

• Gotu kola supports blood circulation and mental function.

• Huperzine A supports mental clarity, focus and positive behaviour

• With vitamin E and folic acid.


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3.     Caudill, M. A., Strupp, B. J., Muscalu, L., & Nevins, J. E. (2018). Can a Dietary Choline Depletion Paradigm Assess Subclinical Organ Dysfunction? A Review of the Evidence. Nutrients, 10(8), 986.

4.     Hidese, S., Ota, M., Wakabayashi, C., Noda, T., Ozawa, H., Okubo, T., & Kunugi, H. (2019). Effects of L-Theanine administration on stress-related symptoms and cognitive functions in healthy adults: A randomized controlled trial. Nutrients, 11(10), 2362.

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8.     Peth-Nui, T., Wattanathorn, J., Muchimapura, S., Tong-Un, T., Piyavhatkul, N., Rangseekajee, P., & Ingkaninan, K. (2012). Effects of 12-week Bacopa monnieri consumption on attention, cognitive processing, working memory, and functions of both cholinergic and monoaminergic systems in healthy elderly volunteers. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2012.

9.     Aguiar, S., & Borowski, T. (2013). Neuropharmacological review of the nootropic herb Bacopa monnieri. Rejuvenation research, 16(4), 313-326.

10.  Chandrasekhar, K., Kapoor, J., & Anishetty, S. (2012). A prospective, randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study of safety and efficacy of a high-concentration full-spectrum extract of ashwagandha root in reducing stress and anxiety in adults. Indian journal of psychological medicine, 34(3), 255.

11.  Mao, J. J., Xie, S. X., Zee, J., Soeller, I., Li, Q. S., Rockwell, K., & Amsterdam, J. D. (2015). Rhodiola rosea versus sertraline for major depressive disorder: A randomized placebo-controlled trial. Phytomedicine, 22(3), 394-399.

12.  Chandrasekhar, K., Kapoor, J., & Anishetty, S. (2012). A prospective, randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study of safety and efficacy of a high-concentration full-spectrum extract of ashwagandha root in reducing stress and anxiety in adults. Indian journal of psychological medicine, 34(3), 255.

13.  Soumyanath, A., Zhong, Y. P., Gold, S. A., Yu, X., Koop, D. R., Bourdette, D., & Gold, B. G. (2012). Centella asiatica accelerates nerve regeneration upon oral administration and contains multiple active fractions increasing neurite elongation in-vitro. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 64(7), 935-945.

14.  Wattanathorn, J., Mator, L., Muchimapura, S., Tong-Un, T., Pasuriwong, O., Piyawatkul, N., ... & Yimtae, K. (2008). Positive modulation of cognition and mood in the healthy elderly volunteer following the administration of Centella asiatica. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 116(2), 325-332.

15.  Wattanathorn, J., Mator, L., Wattanathorn, O., et al. (2010). Positive modulation of cognition and mood in the healthy elderly volunteer following the administration of Centella asiatica. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 116(2), 325-332

16.  Gröber, U., Kisters, K., & Schmidt, J. (2013). Neuroenhancement with Vitamin B12—Underestimated Neurological Significance. Nutrients, 5(12), 5031-5045.

17.  O'Leary, F., & Samman, S. (2010). Vitamin B12 in health and disease. Nutrients, 2(3), 299-316.

18.  Depeint, F., Bruce, W. R., Shangari, N., & Mehta, R. (2006). Oolong tea flavones inhibit the formation of advanced glycation end products and carbonyl reductase activity. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 54(20), 8049-8055.

19.  Troen, A. M. (2008). The biology of aging. Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine: A Journal of Translational and Personalized Medicine, 75(3), 20-25.

20.  Reynolds, E. (2006). Vitamin B12, folic acid, and the nervous system. The Lancet Neurology, 5(11), 949-960.

21.  Kim, J. M., Stewart, R., Kim, S. W., Yang, S. J., Shin, I. S., Yoon, J. S., & Kim, Y. H. (2008). Predictive value of folate, vitamin B12 and homocysteine levels in late-life depression. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 192(4), 268-274.

22.  Zhang, Z., Wang, X., Chen, Q., Shu, L., Wang, J., & Shan, G. (2014). Huperzine A improves cognitive deficits caused by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion in rats. Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics, 69(1), 107-114.

23.  Zangara, A. (2003). The psychopharmacology of huperzine A: an alkaloid with cognitive enhancing and neuroprotective properties of interest in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 75(3), 675-686.

24.  Wang, R., Tang, X. C., & Zhang, H. Y. (2006). Huperzine A alleviates cognitive deficits and oxidative stress in the hippocampus of rats exposed to acute hypobaric hypoxia. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 83(4), 508-515

25.  Zandi, P. P., Anthony, J. C., Khachaturian, A. S., Stone, S. V., Gustafson, D., Tschanz, J. T., ... & Welsh-Bohmer, K. A. (2004). Reduced risk of Alzheimer disease in users of antioxidant vitamin supplements: the Cache County Study. Archives of Neurology, 61(1), 82-88.

26.  Mangialasche, F., Kivipelto, M., Mecocci, P., Rizzuto, D., Palmer, K., Winblad, B., & Fratiglioni, L. (2010). High plasma levels of vitamin E forms and reduced Alzheimer's disease risk in advanced age. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 20(4), 1029-1037.

27.  Taddei, K., Clarnette, R., Gutteridge, G., Blair, I., & Stocker, R. (1995). Vitamin E content of human atherosclerotic lesions. Free Radical Research, 22(5), 511-518